Reference Evapotranspiration Forecasts across Indiana – Vegetable Crops Hotline

Reference Evapotranspiration Forecasts across Indiana

The past 30 days have been met with warmer than normal temperatures in the northern counties and drier than normal conditions throughout most of the state (Figures 1 and 2). This warm and dry environment is conducive to developing drought – particularly with the increased evapotranspiration rates. While climate outlooks are calling for increased confidence of above-normal precipitation throughout the rest of July, these events are likely to remain spotty with inconsistent coverage across the state.

Figure 1. Temperature departures from normal in degrees Fahrenheit for June 16 through July 15, 2020.

Figure 2. Precipitation departure from normal in inches for June 16 through July 15, 2020.

For planning purposes, it may be helpful to know what the forecast is for reference evapotranspiration (ET0). The National Weather Service provides a nice graphical tool ( where users can zoom into their area of interest and then view a variety of variables for future time periods out to six days (e.g., Figure 3). Several derivations of the forecasts of reference evapotranspiration (FRET) can be found at the very bottom of the variable pull-down list, including weekly total FRET, daily FRET, and daily departure from normal FRET.

Figure 3. Screenshot of the National Weather Services daily forecast for reference evapotranspiration (FRET) in inches.

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