Tomato Leaf Mold Diseases – Vegetable Crops Hotline

Tomato Leaf Mold Diseases

In 2015 and 2018, I observed Cercospora leaf mold of tomato in high tunnel operations. In Hotline articles in those years, I noted that Cercospora leaf mold is normally a subtropical disease. This disease has again been observed in 2021 on tomatoes in high tunnels. I’m still not certain of the importance of this disease or where it is coming from, but this article will compare Cercospora leaf mold and standard leaf mold of tomato.

Leaf mold of tomato is common in Indiana tomato production, especially in high tunnels and greenhouses. Leaf mold is caused by Passalora fulva. In contrast, Cercospora leaf mold is caused by Pseudocercospora fuligena and is more common in the warm, humid climate of the tropics or subtropics than in the Midwest. Both diseases cause chlorotic (yellow) lesions which are visible on the upper side of the leaf (Figure 1 and 2). The chlorotic area caused by Cercospora leaf mold is usually more of a mustard yellow than that caused by P. fulva leaf mold in which the lesions are a brighter yellow. Some literature suggests that P. fulva causes an olive-green growth only on the underside of tomato leaves. However, I have observed a green mold on both sides of leaves affected by leaf mold, in severe cases. Cercospora leaf mold can normally be differentiated from P. fulva leaf mold because the former is caused by a black fungus that grows primarily on the underside of the leaf (see Figures 3 and 4). Literature suggests that Cercospora leaf mold can occur on stems, however, I have never observed this. Leaf mold caused by P. fulva occurs only on leaves. Neither disease causes lesions on fruit. However, loss of foliage from either of these diseases can cause loss of yield or loss of fruit quality.

Enter alt text

Figure 1. Leaf mold causes yellow areas on the top of tomato leaves.

Alt text is fun

Figure 2. On the underside of tomato leaves, leaf mold may cause a gray-green sporulation.

Alt text for leaf mold

Figure 3. Cercospora leaf mold causes yellow lesions on the top of tomato leaves.

alternate text for c leaf mold

Figure 4. Cercospora leaf mold often causes a dark looking mold on the bottom of tomato leaves.

Both pathogens are reported to overwinter on crop residue in soil. The reason why leaf mold caused by P. fulva is more common in Indiana than Cercospora leaf mold caused by P. fuligena may be that the optimum temperature for leaf mold is 71° to 75° F, while the optimum for Cercospora leaf mold is 82° F. Both diseases may be managed by sanitation. Clean out high tunnel tomatoes between crops. A floor covering that prevents infected leaves from entering the soil will help lessen disease severity. Floor coverings should be cleaned and sanitized between seasons. In the field, practice crop rotation and till under the crop as soon as the last fruit is picked.

Varieties with partial or complete resistance exist for both diseases. Ask your seed representative.

Fungicides which control P. fulva leaf mold should help to lessen disease severity in P. fuligena Cercospora leaf mold. Products that have been effective for leaf mold include: products with the active ingredient mancozeb (e.g., Dithane®, Manzate®, Penncozeb®), Inspire Super®, Tanos® and Quadris Top®.  See The Midwest Vegetable Production Guide for Commercial Growers 2021 for more information. Be certain to watch the pre-harvest intervals. My experience with leaf mold has been that 2 to 3 applications of a fungicide once symptoms are observed should be enough to manage the disease. Fungicide applications can be stopped, in most cases, once harvest has started. If symptoms don’t show up until harvest has started, the disease will probably not become severe enough to reduce yields or fruit quality of determinate tomato plants. Always be sure to choose a fungicide labeled for greenhouse use if necessary. And always read the label.

I am interested to know if Cercospora leaf mold is becoming more common in Indiana. Contact me if you think the description here matches what you have observed on your tomatoes. Or contact me if you have questions.

 

Share This Article
It is the policy of the Purdue University that all persons have equal opportunity and access to its educational programs, services, activities, and facilities without regard to race, religion, color, sex, age, national origin or ancestry, marital status, parental status, sexual orientation, disability or status as a veteran. Purdue is an Affirmative Action Institution. This material may be available in alternative formats. 1-888-EXT-INFO Disclaimer: Reference to products in this publication is not intended to be an endorsement to the exclusion of others which may have similar uses. Any person using products listed in this publication assumes full responsibility for their use in accordance with current directions of the manufacturer.
Vegetable Crops Hotline - Horticulture & Landscape Architecture, 625 Agriculture Mall, West Lafayette, IN 47907

© 2021 Purdue University | An equal access/equal opportunity university | Copyright Complaints | Maintained by Vegetable Crops Hotline

If you have trouble accessing this page because of a disability, please contact Vegetable Crops Hotline at guan40@purdue.edu.